Coal becomes one of the best sources of energy that can be obtained with an easier source. In addition, the availability of coal is long and durable, thus supporting various industrial and economic projects. Here are some of the coal benefits we need to know.
Coal has become one of the major fuel power plants in several countries such as China, India, Australia, Japan, Germany and several other countries. Coal into fuel is converted into hot steam form and becomes a source of power generation. Coal will be destroyed by the grinding machine and turned into fine powder and then burned in a machine with a boiler system. Steam will be accommodated in special places and supplied to turbines containing magnetic reels. Furthermore, the fast moving magnetic coil will produce electricity. In fact this process will be repeated twice so it is very efficient. The resulting power reaches a voltage of about 400 thousand Volts.
2. Steel Production Industry
Steel-producing industries depend entirely on the availability of coal resources. Steel has a very important function in our lives such as various industrial equipment made of steel, medical products such as medical equipment, agricultural equipment, transportation models and various other products that require steel.
Crude steel production uses a lot of coal metallurgy from coking coal. Steel production involves carbon and iron. Carbon is needed to heat the iron and process it into steel. Carbon from coal produces high heat to support coal production. As well as the benefits of copper and bauxite benefits, the utilization of coal in steel production will also cause side effects.
3. Liquid Fuel
Coal can also be converted in the form of liquid fuels and is very effective to replace fuel oil. Basically coal processing into liquid fuel will convert coal powder or chunks that dissolve in high temperatures. Liquid coal products can be purified by reprocessing and can produce fuel oil with better fuel oil quality obtained from oil refineries directly. The country that has used this system is Africa. Africa can overcome the shortage of oil resources by utilizing coal.
4. Cement Production Industry
Coal became one of the major fuels in cement production. Cement is one of the materials for the manufacture of construction products such as houses, buildings or other products. Cement is made from a mixture of calcium carbonate, iron oxide, aluminum oxide and silica. Coal becomes the fuel to process various raw materials and turn them into cement. Coal proved to produce high temperatures up to 1500 degrees centigrade.
5. Aluminum Products Industry
Coal becomes a fuel that supports the aluminum industry. This material is obtained as a by-product of the iron oxidation process in the steel industry. Coal supports iron oxidation processes that produce high heat. Steel produced from iron preparations will be separated according to quality. And then products that do not have a specific steel requirement will be processed back into aluminum. Gas and hot coking from coal can separate some steel products so they can get aluminum products used for various industries such as agriculture, kitchen appliances, construction and various other industries.
6. Coal Produces Gas Products
Coal is still in the ground was also able to produce gas directly. This process uses advanced technology to extract the gas produced by pure coal. Then the resulting gas product will be processed at the mine site and may be some produl like for industrial fuel, gas power plant, hydrogen gas and diesel. China, Australia, India, Japan and Indonesia became countries using pure coal gas processing technology for several industrial applications.
7. Paper Industry
Coal is also the main fuel to run the paper industry. Paper is made of the main components of wood fiber cells. Wood fiber cells can only be obtained from a complex process that can separate the fiber parts of a certain size. Coal produces stable heat in the fiber processing machine for the paper raw materials industry. So without coal maybe some paper products will not be usable in everyday life.
8. Chemical Industry
Coal that has passed through various processes can produce side industries that turn out to be useful for human life. Processed coal products into energy sources can produce a very fine powdered coal product with small scale size. This byproduct can be used to produce some other ingredients such as phenol and benzene. This product is important for some chemical industries.
9. Pharmaceutical Industry
Coal also has a very important role in the pharmaceutical industry. A wide range of chemical products produced from coal by-products can be a key ingredient in the production of medicines. Various forms of chemicals have gone through the purification process with advanced technology so that it can be used as medicine. This industry has passed various certifications so it is very safe to support pharmaceutical products.
10. Production of Methanol
Methanol is one of the most important liquid fuels to drive various industries. The result of methanol is actually obtained from the process of purifying the coal which is still in the soil into gas. A byproduct of a certain liquid will then be refined to produce a methanol product.
11. Production of Naphthalene
Naphthalene is a special kind of liquid chemicals obtained from processed coal. This is the second result of coal processing in the form of chunks. Coal that has been destroyed will produce a byproduct of a very fine powder. Then this powder will be purified by reprocessing so it can produce naphthalene products.
12. Phenol Production
Phenol is one of the fuel oil products obtained from coal processing. Phenol is produced from coal tar in the form of fine powder. Various kinds of chemical industries use phenol products to run their industry. Phenol can save the use of chemical composition that is usually obtained from pure oil. So the by-product of processed coal strongly supports the process of phenol industry and other chemicals industry.
13. Benzene Production
Benzene becomes one of the most important liquid fuel components in driving world transportation. Benzene is obtained from the re-processing of coal that can produce fine powder. Benzene treatment will usually be recycled from coal obtained from mining or power plants.
14. Production of Ammonia Salt
Ammonium salt is produced from a coal processing industry. Steam or gas released from the oven to hold coke produces ammonia salts. This product is important to be a special ingredient of several chemical industries such as agricultural fertilizers or other chemical products. So coal combustion vapors are instrumental to produce ammonia salt products.
15. Production of Nitric Acid
Nitric acid becomes a chemical component in the processing of chemical industry products. Nitric acid is the result of other by-products obtained from coke oven gas products. Coal passing through the burning process in some industries will produce coal coking material. Cash money is what will be converted to nitric acid for the chemical industry.
Read also: Benefits of citric acid
16. Production of Agricultural Fertilizer Products
Agricultural fertilizer production always requires special gas or special burning from coal. Even some of the chemical products used to make agricultural fertilizers are the by-products of the remaining coal combustion. Various side by-product products will be refined with special equipment so that it can form chemical fertilizer products or materials. Some important substances such as nitric acid and ammonia salts.
17. Soap Material Components
Factories that process soap products also require special ingredients obtained from processed byproducts of coal. This product is obtained from byproducts of processed coal that has been through the process of combustion, purification until the final product. This process does not directly produce a special product soap component. Some of these products are also important for the production of some solvents and aroma binder on soap products.
18. Aspirin Product Components
Aspirin is one of the most important pharmaceutical products in the medical world. Different types of drugs containing aspirin can ease the pain and alleviate various complaints against the disease. In the process of aspirin processing apparently requires some components obtained from the burning of coal. The processing of this particular product is usually carried out by chemicals manufacturers and not by pharmaceutical manufacturers.
19. Production of Solvent
Several types of solvents have an important role in the production of soaps, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Solvent is also obtained from coal processing such as gas gasification or direct gas from coal source. This substance is derived from the special vapor produced in the gas-taking process. Solvents used in some industries today can only be obtained from coal processing.
20. Production of Dyestuffs
Synthetic dyes used by some industries such as garments, chemicals and special dyes for chemical products were also obtained from the processing of coal. Dyestuffs obtained from the process of coal that has been milled to a small powder. This powdered product will be reprocessed and mixed with some special coloring materials. The dye powder used by the production of synthetic dyes and obtained from coal processing has proven to have a higher level of safety and quality than other component materials.
21. Plastic Production
Coal has a very important role to support the plastics industry. Coal became a special material used for the burning of several components of plastic seeds. Fuel from coal has a special heat so it is very good to support the product and the quality of plastic. Some dyes for plastics are also obtained directly from processed coal products.
22. Produksi Serat ( Bahan Rayon dan Nilon)
Produksi serat seperti rayon dan nilon memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam industri plastik. Batubara menghasilkan panas khusus pada yang bisa mendukung proses pengolahan biji plastik. Hasil sampingan dari pengolahan ini bisa membentuk serat khusus yang didapatkan dari limbah plastik. Selanjutnya serat akan diolah menjadi rayon dan nilon yang banyak digunakan dalam industri produk kemasan plastik.
23. Produksi Karbon Aktif
Karbon aktif merupakan produk yang didapatkan dari sisa hasil pembakaran batubara dalam industri pembangkit listrik, produk pembakaran untuk menjalankan industri dan sisa bahan bakar batubara. Karbon aktif yang dihasilkan dalam pengolahan ini berguna untuk mendukung sistem kerja filter yang digunakan pada mesin pengolah kualitas udara dan juga mesin untuk cuci darah.
24. Produksi Bahan Pengeras
Produksi bahan pengeras seperti jenis baja ringan dan aluminum dihasilkan dari pembakaran baja oleh tenaga batubara. Panas yang dihasilkan oleh batubara mampu membuat produk baja akan terpisah sesuai dengan kualitas kekerasan. Setelah itu hasil sampingan dari bahan baja akan diolah dengan batubara untuk menghasilkan baja ringan dan aluminum. Sehingga produk pengeras ini berperan penting untuk industri kontruksi alat transportasi dan olahraga lain.
25. Produksi Logam Silikon
Pernahkah Anda mendengar logam silikon. Logam silikon merupakan salah satu hasil sampingan dari pengolahan baja oleh batubara. Produk ini bisa menghasilkan beberapa jenis komponen yang berperan untuk mendukung industri produksi bahan bakar cair seperti pelumas mesin, resin dan berbagai macam produk kosmetik. Proses pengolahan silikon untuk membuat produk tertentu harus diolah dengan proses pemurnian sehingga tidak bisa digunakan secara langsung.
26. Batubara Mendukung Ekonomi Negara
Negara yang memiliki sumber melimpah batubara akan menerima keuntungan dan berpotensi untuk meningkatkan nilai ekonomi. Batubara bisa menjadi komoditi ekspor untuk negara yang tidak memiliki sumber batubara. Secara umum hasil dari kerjasama batubara bisa meningkatkan penghasilan negara melalui penerimaan pajak dan biaya pengiriman. Sehingga batubara akan meningkatkan kerjasama antarnegara dan mendukung proses regenerasi bahan bakar minyak dunia.
27. Batubara Meningkatkan Ekonomi Rakyat
Batubara membutuhkan proses pengolahan yang sangat panjang dengan rantai produksi khusus. Dengan cara ini batubara akan membutuhkan tenaga kerja dari berbagai bidang ilmu. Jadi, batubara akan meningkatkan penghasilan masyarakat karena bisa mendukung menciptakan lapangan kerja dan beberapa pendukung ekonomi lain.
28. Batubara Membuka Daerah Terisolasi
Penemuan batubara biasanya didapatkan di kawasan yang masih tertutup. Kawasan ini memang memiliki penduduk yang tinggal di tempat tersebut. Pengolahan batubara bisa mendukung pembukaan wilayah terisolasi sehingga meningkatkan kehidupan masyarakat di sekitarnya. Sebuah pertambangan di kawasan pedalaman akan mendukung pembukaan wilayah dengan beberapa dukungan seperti jalan raya, fasilitas transportasi, fasilitas kesehatan dan berbagai fasilitas lain.
Source : http://manfaat.co.id/manfaat-batu-bara-dalam-kehidupan-sehari-hari